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CHAPTER XXXII
The Pass List Is Out
第32章 合格発表(松本訳)

With the end of June came the close of the term and the close of Miss Stacy's rule in Avonlea school.
倒置
「rule」統治:なんてったって、Miss Stacy's little kingdom(CHAPTER XXVI with impression The Story Club Is Formed)ですからね
Anne and Diana walked home that evening feeling very sober indeed. Red eyes and damp handkerchiefs bore convincing testimony to the fact that Miss Stacy's farewell words must have been quite as touching as Mr. Phillips's had been under similar circumstances three years before. Diana looked back at the schoolhouse from the foot of the spruce hill and sighed deeply.

"It does seem as if it was the end of everything, doesn't it?" she said dismally.

"You oughtn't to feel half as badly as I do," said Anne, hunting vainly for a dry spot on her handkerchief. "You'll be back again next winter, but I suppose I've left the dear old school forever--
だめだったら戻ればいい、進学は卒業したからというわけではない。今の日本の学校制度にどっぷり漬かってしまっていると、このあたりの感覚がわからない。とはいえ、卒業はみんないっしょ、になったのは、日本は戦後からですし。落第もおっけい、というふうになれば、学校が荒れることもないと思うんですけどねえ
if I have good luck, that is."

"It won't be a bit the same. Miss Stacy won't be there, nor you nor Jane nor Ruby probably. I shall have to sit all alone, for I couldn't bear to have another deskmate after you. Oh, we have had jolly times, haven't we, Anne? It's dreadful to think they're all over."

Two big tears rolled down by Diana's nose.

"If you would stop crying I could," said Anne imploringly. "Just as soon as I put away my hanky I see you brimming up and that starts me off again.
「hanky」= handkerchief。この省略の仕方、エイゴは音のコトバであることを感じさせられます
As Mrs. Lynde says, `If you can't be cheerful, be as cheerful as you can.' After all, I dare say I'll be back next year. This is one of the times I KNOW I'm not going to pass. They're getting alarmingly frequent."

"Why, you came out splendidly in the exams Miss Stacy gave."

"Yes, but those exams didn't make me nervous. When I think of the real thing you can't imagine what a horrid cold fluttery feeling comes round my heart. And then my number is thirteen and Josie Pye says it's so unlucky. I am NOT superstitious and I know it can make no difference. But still I wish it wasn't thirteen."

"I do wish I was going in with you," said Diana. "Wouldn't we have a perfectly elegant time? But I suppose you'll have to cram in the evenings."

"No; Miss Stacy has made us promise not to open a book at all.
100年前も今も、カナダも日本もいっしょ、ね
She says it would only tire and confuse us and we are to go out walking and not think about the exams at all and go to bed early. It's good advice, but I expect it will be hard to follow; good advice is apt to be, I think. Prissy Andrews told me that she sat up half the night every night of her Entrance week and crammed for dear life; and I had determined to sit up AT LEAST as long as she did. It was so kind of your Aunt Josephine to ask me to stay at Beechwood while I'm in town."

"You'll write to me while you're in, won't you?"

"I'll write Tuesday night and tell you how the first day goes," promised Anne.

"I'll be haunting the post office Wednesday," vowed Diana.
「haunt」たびたび行く。お化けが出る、のではない。もちろん、お化けも、たびたび出る、わけですが

Anne went to town the following Monday and on Wednesday Diana haunted the post office, as agreed, and got her letter.

"Dearest Diana" [wrote Anne],

"Here it is Tuesday night and I'm writing this in the library at Beechwood.
「a library」(本の多い)書斎、図書室。う~ん、ミス・バリーのぶなの樹屋敷は、やっぱり大きなお屋敷ね
Last night I was horribly lonesome all alone in my room and wished so much you were with me. I couldn't "cram" because I'd promised Miss Stacy not to, but it was as hard to keep from opening my history as it used to be to keep from reading a story before my lessons were learned.

"This morning Miss Stacy came for me and we went to the Academy, calling for Jane and Ruby and Josie on our way.
ステイシー先生もこれまた面倒見のいいこと。きっとクイーン学院は母校なんでしょうね
Ruby asked me to feel her hands and they were as cold as ice. Josie said I looked as if I hadn't slept a wink and she didn't believe I was strong enough to stand the grind of the teacher's course even if I did get through. There are times and seasons even yet when I don't feel that I've made any great headway in learning to like Josie Pye!

"When we reached the Academy there were scores of students there from all over the Island.
「scores」複数形で、20。松本訳では「たいへんな数の」(p. 374)
The first person we saw was Moody Spurgeon sitting on the steps and muttering away to himself. Jane asked him what on earth he was doing and he said he was repeating the multiplication table over and over to steady his nerves and for pity's sake not to interrupt him, because if he stopped for a moment he got frightened and forgot everything he ever knew, but the multiplication table kept all his facts firmly in their proper place!

"When we were assigned to our rooms Miss Stacy had to leave us. Jane and I sat together and Jane was so composed that I envied her. No need of the multiplication table for good, steady, sensible Jane! I wondered if I looked as I felt and if they could hear my heart thumping clear across the room. Then a man came in and began distributing the English examination sheets. My hands grew cold then and my head fairly whirled around as I picked it up. Just one awful moment--Diana, I felt exactly as I did four years ago when I asked Marilla if I might stay at Green Gables--
グリーンゲイブルズに置いてもらえるのかどうかマリラに尋ねたときのこと(CHAPTER VIII Anne's Bringing-up Is Begun、 CHAPTER VIII with impression? Anne's Bringing-up Is Begun with impression)を、ダイアナには話したことがあったのがわかる。アンのことだから、絶対話しているだろうことは読者はわかっているけれども
and then everything cleared up in my mind and my heart began beating again--I forgot to say that it had stopped altogether!--for I knew I could do something with THAT paper anyhow.

"At noon we went home for dinner
お昼ご飯は、「dinner」。アヴォンリーの学校のお弁当もそうだけど(CHAPTER XV with impression? A Tempest in the School Teapot with impression)
and then back again for history in the afternoon. The history was a pretty hard paper and I got dreadfully mixed up in the dates. Still, I think I did fairly well today. But oh, Diana, tomorrow the geometry exam comes off and when I think of it it takes every bit of determination I possess to keep from opening my Euclid.
「geometry」と「Euclid」。ユークリッドと言われれば、幾何の本だとわかる。シーザーと聞いてもラテン語とはわからなかったけれども(CHAPTER XXX with impression The Queens Class Is Organized)。もっとも、ユークリッドは幾何学を指すにすぎないのに対して(ギリシャ語で幾何学を学ぶわけではないので ユークリッドの幾何はギリシャ語で書かれたものがエジプトのアレクサンドリア図書館にはあったのですが、図書館の火災により焼失。ところが、アラビア語訳が残されており、これがルネッサンスの時期だったかにアラビア語からヨーロッパの言葉(ラテン語?)に翻訳されヨーロッパに再移入されたんだったことを思いだしました(とはいえ記憶があいまい)。なので、ユークリッドの「原論」は原著では読めません。2007年7月29日 修正&追記)、シーザーは、もちろんシーザーの書いたラテン語(ガリア戦記?)を読んでいるはずで、指し表わし方が違ってはいます。松本訳ではどちらも漢字で「幾何」とし、それぞれにルビを付け、「ジオメトリー」「ユークリッド」としています(p. 375)
If I thought the multiplication table would help me any I would recite it from now till tomorrow morning.

"I went down to see the other girls this evening. On my way I met Moody Spurgeon wandering distractedly around. He said he knew he had failed in history and he was born to be a disappointment to his parents and he was going home on the morning train; and it would be easier to be a carpenter than a minister, anyhow. I cheered him up and persuaded him to stay to the end because it would be unfair to Miss Stacy if he didn't. Sometimes I have wished I was born a boy, but when I see Moody Spurgeon I'm always glad I'm a girl and not his sister.

"Ruby was in hysterics when I reached their boardinghouse;
「their」ルビー、ジェイン、ジョージーの3人は同じところ、なのかしら
「boardinghouse」 Puffin Books版では、boarding-house と分けてある。寄宿舎/下宿屋。boardには、まかないする、の意味がある。たぶんそれで、下宿するの意味になったのではないでしょうか
she had just discovered a fearful mistake she had made in her English paper. When she recovered we went uptown and had an ice cream. How we wished you had been with us.

"Oh, Diana, if only the geometry examination were over! But there, as Mrs. Lynde would say, the sun will go on rising and setting whether I fail in geometry or not. That is true but not especially comforting. I think I'd rather it didn't go on if I failed!

Yours devotedly,
Anne"

The geometry examination and all the others were over in due time and Anne arrived home on Friday evening, rather tired but with an air of chastened triumph about her. Diana was over at Green Gables when she arrived and they met as if they had been parted for years.

"You old darling, it's perfectly splendid to see you back again. It seems like an age since you went to town and oh, Anne, how did you get along?"

"Pretty well, I think, in everything but the geometry. I don't know whether I passed in it or not and I have a creepy, crawly presentiment that I didn't.
creepyは(恐さで)鳥肌が立つような、crawlyはむずむずする、とか、ぞっとする、とか。似たような意味の、krの音で始まるコトバを重ねて、コワイ感増大?!
Oh, how good it is to be back! Green Gables is the dearest, loveliest spot in the world."
これはアンのような孤児がはじめて得たhomeだからというよりは、むしろ、試験の大変さのほうが大きでしょうね

"How did the others do?"

"The girls say they know they didn't pass, but I think they did pretty well. Josie says the geometry was so easy a child of ten could do it! Moody Spurgeon still thinks he failed in history and Charlie says he failed in algebra. But we don't really know anything about it and won't until the pass list is out. That won't be for a fortnight. Fancy living a fortnight in such suspense!
「fortnight」2週間。scoresといい、このfortnightといい、数字を表わすのに別な言葉を使われると、わからない。英語力不足なだけですが
I wish I could go to sleep and never wake up until it is over."

Diana knew it would be useless to ask how Gilbert Blythe had fared, so she merely said:

"Oh, you'll pass all right. Don't worry."

"I'd rather not pass at all than not come out pretty well up on the list," flashed Anne, by which she meant--and Diana knew she meant--that success would be incomplete and bitter if she did not come out ahead of Gilbert Blythe.

With this end in view Anne had strained every nerve during the examinations.
「strain」緊張させる
So had Gilbert. They had met and passed each other on the street a dozen times without any sign of recognition and every time Anne had held her head a little higher and wished a little more earnestly that she had made friends with Gilbert when he asked her, and vowed a little more determinedly to surpass him in the examination. She knew that all Avonlea junior was wondering which would come out first; she even knew that Jimmy Glover and Ned Wright had a bet on the question and that Josie Pye had said there was no doubt in the world that Gilbert would be first; and she felt that her humiliation would be unbearable if she failed.

But she had another and nobler motive for wishing to do well. She wanted to "pass high" for the sake of Matthew and Marilla-- especially Matthew. Matthew had declared to her his conviction that she "would beat the whole Island." That, Anne felt, was something it would be foolish to hope for even in the wildest dreams.
「That」はひとつ前の文を指す。Anne feltが中の文に挿入している。たぶん、ふつうに書くなら、Anne felt that it was... とthat で受けずに、itで受けるのだと思うのですが、違うのかな
But she did hope fervently that she would be among the first ten at least, so that she might see Matthew's kindly brown eyes gleam with pride in her achievement. That, she felt, would be a sweet reward indeed for all her hard work and patient grubbing among unimaginative equations and conjugations.
この「That」もひとつ前の文を指す。上と同じ。同じ文の構造を繰り返し使うことによって、強調の効果
「conjugations」動詞の活用。数式と動詞の活用は、カナダでも暗記が重要だったようで
「grub」あくせく働く。なので、patient grubbing among...で、あまり想像を働かせることもない数式や動詞の活用をがまんして覚える、といった感じの内容。ところが、このgrub、CHAPTER II with impression Matthew Cuthbert is surprised にでもでてきていて……、それは、マシューが thrill を感じる、キュウリの苗床からでてくるウジ虫。モードは数学や文法はあまり好きではなかったんでしょうね

At the end of the fortnight Anne took to "haunting" the post office also,
「hauting」アンの手紙を待つダイアナとは違うけれども、来てほしいのは同じ
in the distracted company of Jane, Ruby, and Josie, opening the Charlottetown dailies with shaking hands and cold, sinkaway feelings as bad as any experienced during the Entrance week.
「the Charlottetown dailies」松本訳注第32章(1) p. 525参照
Charlie and Gilbert were not above doing this too,
「be not above doing」……するのもまんざらではない。平気で……する
but Moody Spurgeon stayed resolutely away.

"I haven't got the grit to go there and look at a paper in cold blood," he told Anne. "I'm just going to wait until somebody comes and tells me suddenly whether I've passed or not."

When three weeks had gone by without the pass list appearing Anne began to feel that she really couldn't stand the strain much longer. Her appetite failed and her interest in Avonlea doings languished. Mrs. Lynde wanted to know what else you could expect with a Tory superintendent of education at the head of affairs, and Matthew, noting Anne's paleness and indifference and the lagging steps that bore her home from the post office every afternoon, began seriously to wonder if he hadn't better vote Grit at the next election.
別な政党に変わったとしても、こういったことには何も影響がないのに、と読者にはわかるから、少し笑える(大して笑えない)ところ

But one evening the news came. Anne was sitting at her open window, for the time forgetful of the woes of examinations and the cares of the world, as she drank in the beauty of the summer dusk, sweet-scented with flower breaths from the garden below and sibilant and rustling from the stir of poplars.
「sibilant and rustling」しゅうしゅう(s、z、sh、jのような音)と、かさかさ(さらさら)いう。エイゴは擬態音、擬声音が不得意だから……。まどろっこしいんだから、もう
The eastern sky above the firs was flushed faintly pink from the reflection of the west, and Anne was wondering dreamily if the spirit of color looked like that, when she saw Diana come flying down through the firs, over the log bridge, and up the slope, with a fluttering newspaper in her hand.

Anne sprang to her feet,
The Spencervale doctor の助言(CHAPTER XXXI with impression Where the Brook and River Meet)の効果はここに出たのです!
knowing at once what that paper contained. The pass list was out! Her head whirled and her heart beat until it hurt her. She could not move a step. It seemed an hour to her before Diana came rushing along the hall and burst into the room without even knocking, so great was her excitement.

"Anne, you've passed," she cried, "passed the VERY FIRST--you and Gilbert both--you're ties--but your name is first.
成績が同じ人はFirst nameのアルファベット順に並べてあったのでしょうね。きっとほかの同点同順の人も。Family nameのアルファベット順に並べる流儀もあるようですが、今も、first name順に並べるのは見かけます
Oh, I'm so proud!"

Diana flung the paper on the table and herself on Anne's bed, utterly breathless and incapable of further speech.
「utterly」全くの
Anne lighted the lamp, oversetting the match safe and using up half a dozen matches before her shaking hands could accomplish the task.
「match safe」具体的にはどんなものなのか、よくわからない。マッチ箱なんでしょうけども……。International Match Safe Association and Museum http://www.matchsafe.org/ などというところもあるようです
Then she snatched up the paper. Yes, she had passed--there was her name at the very top of a list of two hundred!
合格者が200人。プリンスエドワード島州政府ウェブページの資料(http://www.gov.pe.ca/photos/original/pt_historical.pdf)によると、1875年から1903年まで、プリンスエドワード島の人口は100,000人から109,078人(1891年が最大)で推移(Table 2.02.1, p. 18)。コホートデータは1901年からのものしかないので、それを利用してちょっと考えてみます。1901年の20-24歳グループは、9,342人(男4,684、女4,558)、25-29歳グループは、6,541人(男3,206、女3,335)。何となくですが、流出しているような気がします。15-19歳グループは12,261人(男6,233、女6,028)。1875年から人口はあまり増減していないので、この15-19歳グループの12,000人という数字を利用しても大きな問題はないかと思います。年齢ごとの数字を算出するために、5で割ると2,400人。200を割ると進学率は約8.4%と単純計算(進学の年齢が多少ずれても人口の増減が小さいので無視できる)。他の州やアメリカ合衆国への進学(流出)もあるでしょうから、アンダーエスティメイト。文部科学省の資料(http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo4/gijiroku/001/03090201/003/002.pdf)によると、日本では高等教育機関への進学率は昭和10年(1935)で5%くらいで(グラフの読み取りなので不正確)、戦後になってやっと8%を越えたようです。師範学校もたぶん数えられていると思います(実業専門学校を数えているので)。ちなみに、平成15年の進学率は72.9%、大学進学率は41.3%。ひょえ~
That moment was worth living for.

"You did just splendidly, Anne," puffed Diana,
「puff」(息を切らして)あえぐ
recovering sufficiently to sit up and speak, for Anne, starry eyed and rapt, had not uttered a word.
「utter」声を発する。すこし上に、utterlyがある
"Father brought the paper home from Bright River not ten minutes ago--it came out on the afternoon train, you know, and won't be here till tomorrow by mail--and when I saw the pass list I just rushed over like a wild thing. You've all passed, every one of you, Moody Spurgeon and all, although he's conditioned in history.
ムーディー・スパージョンは不得意なところが上手く克服できなかったようです。Moody Spurgeon still thinks he failed in historyと上にもありますが、CHAPTER XXXI with impression Where the Brook and River Meet でも不得意であったようですので(Moody Spurgeon says he feels it in his bones that he is going to fail in English history.) 2007年7月29日追記 Jane and Ruby did pretty well--they're halfway up--and so did Charlie. Josie just scraped through with three marks to spare,
「mark」点
「to spare」余分の
but you'll see she'll put on as many airs as if she'd led.
「put on airs」もったいぶる、気どる
Won't Miss Stacy be delighted? Oh, Anne, what does it feel like to see your name at the head of a pass list like that? If it were me I know I'd go crazy with joy. I am pretty near crazy as it is, but you're as calm and cool as a spring evening."

"I'm just dazzled inside," said Anne. "I want to say a hundred things, and I can't find words to say them in. I never dreamed of this--yes, I did too, just once! I let myself think ONCE, `What if I should come out first?' quakingly, you know, for it seemed so vain and presumptuous to think I could lead the Island. Excuse me a minute, Diana. I must run right out to the field to tell Matthew. Then we'll go up the road and tell the good news to the others."

They hurried to the hayfield below the barn where Matthew was coiling hay,
「coiling hay」干し草を巻く??というのは一体どういうことをしているのでしょうか。かたまりを作っているの?
and, as luck would have it, Mrs. Lynde was talking to Marilla at the lane fence.

"Oh, Matthew," exclaimed Anne, "I've passed and I'm first--or one of the first! I'm not vain, but I'm thankful."
「I'm not vain, but I'm thankful.」うぬぼれているんじゃないの、感謝しているの。--やはり神様に感謝しているのでしょうか

"Well now, I always said it," said Matthew, gazing at the pass list delightedly. "I knew you could beat them all easy."

"You've done pretty well, I must say, Anne," said Marilla, trying to hide her extreme pride in Anne from Mrs. Rachel's critical eye. But that good soul said heartily:

"I just guess she has done well, and far be it from me to be backward in saying it.
「she」といっているところをみると、ここまではマリラに話し掛けている
You're a credit to your friends, Anne, that's what, and we're all proud of you."
こっちは「You」「Anne」なのでアンに話している

That night Anne, who had wound up the delightful evening with a serious little talk with Mrs. Allan at the manse, knelt sweetly by her open window in a great sheen of moonshine and murmured a prayer of gratitude and aspiration that came straight from her heart.
「knelt」kneel ひざまづく
There was in it thankfulness for the past and reverent petition for the future; and when she slept on her white pillow her dreams were as fair and bright and beautiful as maidenhood might desire.
「maidenhood」childhoodでは、もう、ない

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